Fertility tests can uncover the causes of infertility in both men and women
Before working with you to develop a customized treatment plan, Susan Hudson MD will order some basic fertility tests. These tests help her make an accurate infertility diagnosis, which allows her to recommend the right fertility treatment.
For the woman, fertility testing will evaluate her hormones, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, while men will start with a semen analysis. Our New Braunfels fertility specialist may also order preconception genetic testing to see if either patient carries an inheritable genetic illness.
An overview of fertility tests for women
For most women, basic fertility testing will involve bloodwork, an ultrasound and a hysterosalpingogram (HSG).
Bloodwork is an integral part of fertility testing and treatment. The most basic fertility bloodwork for women typically looks at anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), estradiol and prolactin. Dr. Hudson will customize your bloodwork based on your specific situation and needs.
A transvaginal ultrasound allows our New Braunfels fertility specialist to evaluate the inside of the uterus (womb). Not only does this type of ultrasound provide views of the uterus’ shape and size, but it can also help detect uterine abnormalities and provide valuable information about the ovaries.
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) helps Dr. Hudson determine whether the fallopian tubes are open or closed. During this short, outpatient procedure, a radiologist will use a thin catheter to inject dye into the uterus. This dye shows up on X-ray. If the fallopian tubes are open, the dye will travel through the tubes and spill out of the ends.
In some cases, Dr. Hudson may recommend a laparoscopy or hysteroscopy. These forms of minimally invasive surgery are fertility tests that can be helpful for diagnosing and treating issues, such as endometriosis, a uterine septum, polyps and certain fibroids.
Semen analysis is the gold standard for male fertility testing
Because male infertility is a factor in about half of infertility cases, men who visit our New Braunfels fertility specialist will undergo a semen analysis.
After two to five days of abstinence, the male partner will typically masturbate to provide a semen sample in a sterile cup. In some cases, a man will use a special “collection condom” to collect sperm during intercourse.
The semen analysis will give information about sperm count, the percentage of moving sperm and the percentage of sperm with a normal appearance and shape. Download our semen analysis form.
Get started on your fertility journey with Texas Fertility Center
These fertility tests are what Dr. Hudson commonly recommends for individuals and couples who are struggling to conceive. She will let you know if you need to consider any further tests based on your specific situation.
After basic testing, you and Dr. Hudson will work together to develop your individualized fertility treatment plan to help you start or grow your family. Contact us to schedule a consultation and learn more.